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séminaire CREST du 20 Janvier 2011

Yann ALGAN (Sciences-Po, Département d'Economie)
"Diversity and Public Goods in a Republican Setting"

avec Camille Hémet et David Laitin

de 14 h à 15 h 30 en Salle S016 à l'INSEE-CREST, 15 Boulevard Gabriel Péri, 92245 MALAKOFF (Métro : Malakoff/Plateau de Vanves (Immeuble "Malakoff 2)).

Résumé : This paper relies on the exogeneity of public housing allocations in France to identify a negative ethnic and religious effect in the quality of public spaces. The paper relies on the merged datasets from the Labor Force Survey, the Housing Survey, and the Census, permitting a wide range of controls. Differentiating among three channels of public goods provision, the paper finds that heterogeneity in the housing bloc leads to low levels of sanctions for anti-social behavior and low levels of collective action to improve housing conditions, but no losses in public safety. The dataset permits systematic comparison between the exogenous placement in public housing with the endogenous placement in the private market, allowing for estimation of the downward bias in results when data permit only examination of the private market.

The paper offers a set of tests to demonstrate the exogeneity of placement in public housing and a set of robustness tests for the principal results. The paper concludes that even in a rich country with republican institutions, the social costs of ethnic and religious heterogeneity are substantively and statistically significant.