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Séminaire de recrutement du Vendredi 27 Janvier 2012
Vincent POHL (Yale University) présentera une communication :
"Medicaid and the Labor Supply of Single Mothers : Implications for Health Care Reform"
de 11 h à 13 h en Salle S016 à l'INSEE-CREST, 15 Boulevard Gabriel Péri, 92245 MALAKOFF (Métro : Malakoff/Plateau de Vanves (Immeuble "Malakoff 2)).
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) substantially expands Medicaid eligibility and introduces health insurance subsidies. This health care reform changes work incentives since eligibility for these programs depends on income and earnings. To assess the employment effects of PPACA among single mothers, I estimate a structural model of labor supply of individuals who can obtain health insurance through their employer. Alternatively, they may be eligible for Medicaid coverage. I estimate the model exploiting exogenous variation in Medicaid policies across states and using data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Then I use the estimated preference parameters to simulate single mothers’ employment choice under health care reform. The simulation results show that single mothers are about six percent more likely to participate in the labor force due to PPACA. They also increase their labor supply from part-time to full-time work by about five percent. Moreover, I find crowding-out of employer-sponsored health insurance of about 40 percent in this population. The welfare implications of this reform are positive